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高中高二英语上学期期末考试卷试题及标准标准答案解析总结模板计划模板(6页)

圆梦教育中心 高二年级上学期 考试试卷

第二部分:英语知识运用 ( 共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 单项填空 ( 共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)

Dave wanted to study till ________ midnight, but sleepiness got_____ best of him.

A. 不填 ; the B. 不填 ; 不填 C. the; the D. the; 不填

22. At times, worrying is a normal________ to a difficult event or situation —a

loved one being_______ in an accident, for example.

A. response; injured B. reaction; wounded C. reply; hurt D.

reflection; died

23. If I hadn ’t stood under the ladder to catch you when you fe ll, you_______

now.

A. wouldn ’t be smiling B. couldn ’t have smiled C. didn ’t smile D.

won’t smile

24. ________ the Internet is bridging the distance between people, it may also

be breaking some homes or will cause other family problems.

A. When B. If C. While D. As

25. _______ today, he would get there by Saturday.

A. If he leaves B. Was he leaving C. Would he leave D. Were

he to leave

26. After he retired from office, Rogers _______ painting for a while, but soon

lost interest.

A. saved up B. kept up C. took up D. drew up

27. When he was young, he used to ________ hard at his lessons.

A. devote to working B. devote himself to work

C. be devoted to work D. be devoted to working

28. At assembly, our monitor made a speech, swearing to try our best to study

well______ us students.

A. in memory of B. on behalf of C. in honor of D. in favor

of

29. They swear they will push ahead with the experiment whatever _____they might

meet with.

A. disadvantages B. shortcomings C. troubles D. hardships

He told me how he had given me shelter and protection, without which I

______of hunger.

A. would be died B. would have died C. would die D. will die

________ with a difficult situation, Arnold decided to ask his boss for advice.

A. Faced B. Having faced C. To face D. Facing

you may hate some customs in other countries, ______ , you must remember

“Do in Rome as Rome does ”.

A. likewise

B. therefore

C. otherwise

D. anyway

33.

What the leader

referred to

in

the report

was really something

_______.

A. worthy of considering

B. worth to be considered

C. worthy to be considered

D. worth being considered

34.

Generally

speaking,

______ according

to

the

directions,

the

drug has no

side effect.

A. when taking B. when taken

C. when to take

D. when to be

taken

35.

If

the weather

had been better,

we could

have had a picnic.

But it

______

all day.

A. rained

B. rains

C. has rained

D. is raining

第二节

完形填空 ( 共 20 小题;每小题分,满分

30 分 )

My dad has been driving

a truck

for almost his entire

’s usually__

36__all

the weekdays and comes home only at he stays__37

__for two weeks at a don

’t

get to see him as often as I wish

,we remain very__39__.

My dad is the type of person who doesn

’t let you__

40__up anything that

you

I was eleven

,my father bought me a

first I was so__41__about it that

I

would spend hours

and hours learning

how to it got was so

tired of

it that

I

asked if

I could

as

I tried

,he__43__meto

go

I

have been playing

for

almost

five

love it and I

’m glad I__

44__my dad’s advice.

My dad is__45__talented ,for he has been playing the guitar for over 20

his influence

,I also my dad can be my biggest

makes me smile even when I

lose

in

a talent

show__48__sometimes he

can

be my biggest

critic

( 批 评

家 ) . He__49__ignore

the

small

mistakes

I

encourages

me

never

to

lose__50__because he thinks that all my efforts will_51__one day.

My dad is

Thursday

night ,he__52__to read to

the children

at

a children

’s

he

reads

, their__53__light

up

with

curiosity

about what

will

happen

feel__53__of

having

a

person

in

my family

who cares

enough

to

volunteer

to__55__.

I

love dad with

all

my ’s a hero in

my heart

and the most wonderful

person

in the world.

36.

B.with

C.out

D.in

37.

B. home

C.inside

D.alone

38. case

B.Even though

C.If only

D.As if

39.

B. kind

C.different

D

.close

40.

B

. put

C.take

D.speed

41.

B. anxious

C.crazy

D.familiar

42.

B.difficult

C.disappointing

D

.boring

43.

B. persuaded

C.reminded

D

.suggested

44.

B. challenged

C.took

D.listened

45. B .typically

C.musically

D

.exactly

46. B .dancing

C.writing

D.drawing

47.

B. supporter C

.scholar D

.sponsor

48.

B. so

C.and

D.still

49.

B. often

C.never

D.even

50.

B.dream

C.strength

D.heart

51. true

B .take risks

C.pay off

D.let out

52.

B.likes

C.intends

D.offers

53.

B. arms

C.hands

D.faces

54.

B. optimistic

C.proud

D.happy

55. B

. read

C.work

D.drive

第三部分:阅读理解 ( 共 20 小题,满分 40 分)

B

Looking back on my childhood

,I am convinced that

naturalists

are

born and

not we were all brought up in the same way

, my brothers and sisters soon

abandoned their

pressed flowers

and

them ,I

had no ear for

music and

was not

an early reader and I could not do mental arithmetic.

Before World War Ⅰ we spent our summer holidays

in have

only

the dim memory

of

the house we lived in ,of my room and my

do

I

recall

clearly the large family

of

grandparents

,aunts ,uncles and cousins

who gathered

next

I

do have a clear

memoryof the dogs,the farm animals ,the local

birds ,and above all

,the insects.

I am a naturalist

,not a have a strong love of the natural world and my

enthusiasm led me into varied love discussing my favorite topics and enjoy

burning the midnight oil while reading about other people

’s observations and

something happens that

brings these observations

together

in

my conscious mind.

Suddenly you fancy you see the answer to the riddle

,because it all seems

to fit has resulted in my publishing 300 papers and books

,which some might

honor with the title of scientific research.

But curiosity ,a keen eye ,a good memory and enjoyment of the animal and

plant world do not make a scientist

:one of the outstanding and essential

qualities

required is

self-discipline

,a quality

I

scientist

requires

not only

self-discipline

,but hard training

,determination and a

scientist

,up to a

certain

point ,can be

naturalist

is

you

can combine the two,you get the best

of both worlds.

60.The first paragraph tells us the author________.

A.was interested in flowers and insects in his childhood

B.lost his hearing when he was a child

C.didn ’t like his brothers and sisters

D.was born to a naturalist

’s family

61.The author can ’t remember his relatives clearly because________.

A.he didn ’t live very long with them

B.the family was extremely large

C.he was too young when he lived with them D.he was fully occupied with observing nature

62.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage

A.The author is a naturalist ,but not a scientist.

B.The author is a scientist as well as a naturalist.

C.The author is first of all a scientist.

D.The author is neither a naturalist nor a scientist.

63.The author says that he is a naturalist rather than a scientist

because he thinks he________.

A.has a great deal of trouble doing mental arithmetic

B.lacks some of the qualities required of a scientist

C.just reads about other people ’s observations and discoveries



probably

D.comes up with solutions in a most natural way

第一节

单项填空 ( 共 15 小题;每小题

1 分,满分 15 分 )

21. A

midnight午夜前不加冠词; get the best of

战胜,击败

22. A

a normal response/reaction to sth.

对?的正常反应;第二空根据其后的an accident

可知选 injure 。

23. B

虚拟语气的考查。对过去事实的虚拟,条件从句用过去完成时,主句用

would/could/might+

现在完成时。

C while 在此表对比,“尽管”,引起一个让步状语从句。

25. D 虚拟条件句中有 were/should/had 时,可省略 if ,把 were/should/had 提前。

C take up 开始从事; save up 储蓄; keep up 坚持,继续; draw up 起草,制定

D used to do sth. 过去常做某事; be devoted to doing sth. 致力于做某事; B项错在 work上,应该用 working 。

28. B on behalf of “代表?”

D hardships “艰难,苦难,辛苦”; disadvantages “不利之处”; shortcoming “缺点”; troubles “烦恼,困难,麻烦”。

B without which里隐含了一个虚拟的条件: If he hadn ’t given me ?

31. A face vt./ be faced with

“面对,面临”;若选

D,则要去掉题干中的

with.

32. D anyway 不管怎样; likewise 同样地,也; therefore 因此; otherwise

否则

33. C

be worthy

to be done,形容词短语作后置定语,其前省略了

that

is;而 worth 的固定结构为 be worth doing 。

34. B

考查省略。当主句与从句主语一致时,且从句中含有

be动词,这是可省略从句主语和

be动词,补充完整则

为“ when it is taken ”。

35. A

从前一句看,应是对过去的虚拟,因此,

but 后的句子应该是过去的事实,用一般过去时。

第二节

完形填空 ( 共 20 小题;每小题分,满分

30 分)

【语篇解读】

父亲是卡车驾驶员,工作很忙。尽管难得见上一面,我们的关系还是很亲密。我爱我的父亲,

因为他的坚持和大度使我获益很多。

36. C

根据本句中的后半句“ and comes home only at weekends

”可知他工作日通常不会来。

37. A

本句进一步说明父亲回来很少,有时在外面一待就是两个星期。

stay away 待在外面,不回来。

38. B

从本句的句意来看前面是从句,表示让步,选择

cven though

表示“即使我不能向我希望的那样经常

见到他,可是我们的关系很亲密”。

39. D close 形容词“亲密”的意思。

40. A

从本段下文所举的例子中可以看出父亲有一种坚持不懈,永不放弃的品质,这一点在教育子女上也有

所体现。

 give up

放弃。

41. C

从本段的描写可以看出作者在开始的时候对于弹钢琴很入迷。

be crazy about...

对着迷。

42. D

作者对于弹钢琴的态度发生了变化,由刚开始的入迷到后来的厌倦。

get boring

变得枯燥无味。

43. B

父亲看到我想退缩,千方百计说服我继续弹下去。从本段最后一句也可以看出他的劝说成功了。

44. C

作者听从了父亲的建议。

  take one ’s advice

听从某人的建议。

45. C

根据下句“ for he has been playing the guitar for over 20 years

“可知父亲在音乐方面很有天

赋。

46. A

本文主要叙述了作者在父亲的影响下是如何培养音乐方面的才能的。

compose 这里指音乐创作。

47. B

根据下一句可知即使我在才艺比赛中失败了。父亲也不责怪我。由此可见,他一直鼓励我,支持我。

48. C

本句与前一句是并列句,构成句型:

Sometimes he can be...and sometimes he can be...

49. C

从上一句“ my biggest critic

”可知他对我的错误一点也不放过,从不忽略我的错误。

50. D

根据本句中的 encourages

可知他总是鼓励我不要灰心。

lose heart

灰心丧气。

51. 父亲鼓励我不要灰心丧失希望,

因为他认为我所有的努力都会带来好结果,

得到回报。

 pay off

带来好结果,

得到回报。

52.D

从 generous

可知,父亲是一个慷慨大方的人,对自己的时间也不吝啬,每个星期四晚上都自愿去儿童

俱乐部读书给孩子们听。

offer to do

表示自愿或主动做某事,而

intend to do

则表示打算做某事。

53. D 句中的 light up 表示“照亮;发出光彩”这里指小孩的脸上露出好奇的神彩。

54. C

55. B



有这样的一位父亲,作者应该感到自豪。

这里与本段中的 offer to read 呼应。



feel/be proud of...



对感到自豪。

第三部分:阅读理解



( 共



20 小题,满分



40 分)

B

【语篇解读】 通过回忆少年时代的经历,作者发现自己从小就对动物和植物充满好奇心,俨然是个天生的自然学家。由于对大自然充满热爱,作者刻苦钻研自然界的奥秘、博览群书,最终学有所成。作者还对比了成为自然学家和科学家所需具备的不同素质。

60. A 推理判断题。根据第一段中的第二至四句可知,在少年时代,作者与兄弟姐妹们不同,一直对昆虫和花草情有独钟。

61. D 细节理解题。根据第二段中的最后一句可知,作者之所以对亲戚们的记忆很模糊,是因为他更关注家畜、小鸟和昆虫。换言之,他忙于观察大自然。

62. A 正误判断题。由文章第三段第一句及第五段第一句内容可知,作者认为自己是一个自然学家,而非一个科学家,因为自己缺乏成为科学家的一种素质:自律。

63. B

推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“ But

curiosity , a keen eye, a good memory and enjoyment of the

animal and plant

world do not make a scientist

: one of the outstanding and essential qualities required

is self-discipline

,a quality I lack”一句可推断作者认为自己缺乏成为科学家的一种素质:自律。

D

68. B

根据第一段中的最后一句话可知答案。

69. C

根据第二段可知答案。

70. D

由最后一段最后一句话可知答案。

71. A

根据前面一句话可知,他是希望这里可以吸引更多的游客。

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